ENVIRONMENTAL MAPPING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE AT SEA - MAREM
On August 30, 2013, the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Natural Renewable Resources (IBAMA) and the Brazilian Institute of Petroleum, Gas and Biofuels (IBP) entered a Technical Cooperation Agreement (ACT) for training and improvement of process for evaluation of environmental impacts and improvement of environmental management, regarding the oil and gas exploration and production activities
The Shoreline Protection and Cleanup Project and the Fauna Protection Project were developed in the scope of the ACT entered between the two institutes, whose objective is to establish a georeferenced database of the entire Brazilian coastline and coastal islands to provide support for the planning and the management of response operations to accidents involving oil spills at sea.
The projects were executed based on the experiences in planning, management and response to environmental emergencies, accumulated both by companies operating in Brazil and other countries, as the consultants responsible for project execution.
All knowledge generated by the two projects were consolidated and integrated into a georeferenced database to allow a detailed analysis, but agile, in a region that may be affected by and oil spill. This database is called the Environmental Mapping for Emergency Response at Sea (MAREM).
Among the primary objectives, stand out:
-Identification of coastline stretches whose protection should be prioritized;
-Evaluation of access conditions for operational teams;
-Presentation of recommended strategies for protection of the coastline and cleanup of the shore;
-Identification of vulnerable species that should primarily be protected;
-Identification of priority areas for protection;
-Establishment of a database with georeferenced information that serves as a strategic guide in case of an emergency.
THE BRAZILIAN COASTLINE
Brazil's coastline extends for over 7.000km (4300 miles). The coastline comprises a mosaic of ecosystems of high environmental relevance. The coastal areas are transition zones that perform an important ecological role in the connection between the land and marine ecosystems, being complex, diversified and environments of extreme relevance for maintenance of the life at sea.
The work was carried out by a multidisciplinary team of consultants, university researches and national and international non-governmental organizations, considered references in biology issues and environmental conservation.
The methodologies were developed specifically for this project and adopted the best international practices in mapping ecosystems and wildlife resources vulnerable to oil. They have been presented at national and international conferences on the subject. The methodologies were widely discussed by participants aiming at its consolidation and implementation in other countries.